Modern demands call for water protection and sustainable use of freshwater resources. Iceland GeoSurvey possesses expertise in this realm and has been advising waterworks, fish farms and bottling companies on freshwater and groundwater research. Iceland GeoSurvey has also been involved in work on the demarcation of water protection areas and the monitoring of groundwater pollution.
Iceland GeoSurvey carries out mapping of water drainage, groundwater systems and groundwater flow where the interaction of surface and subsurface flow and rock formations is outlined. Hydrogeology maps are used for planning, environmental assessments and construction. Iceland GeoSurvey measures the discharge of boreholes and springs and performs chemical analyses of potable water and other freshwater resources. Iceland GeoSurvey also has experience in exploration for other types of water, such as for industrial uses and fire protection, warm water and brine.
The main projects of Iceland GeoSurvey related to groundwater include:
- Exploration for freshwater and aquifers
- Siting of boreholes
- Design of boreholes and wells
- Assessments of water requirements
- Analysis of water quality
- Measurements of groundwater pollution
- Advice on waterworks structures